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To have a dual/co infection of organism in HIV positive individual is quite unusual phenomenon which indicate patient having CD 4 count <200 units.
Here,we are presenting a case history of patient who came to the hospital with altered sensorium and was having respiratory complaints from 15 days prior to the hospitalization.
Based on the microscopic picture we could diagnose the cyst of pneumocystic carinii in the broncho alveloar lavage sample and isolation of cryptococus neoformans. The lungs of individuals infected with HIV are often affected by opportunistic infections and tumours and over two-thirds of patients have at least one respiratory episode during the course of their disease. Pneumonia is the leading HIV-associated infection.
As patient came to the hospital in the late phase of infection patient could not respond to the treatment and succumbed.
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