Bilateral Osgood-Schlatter Disease in an Adolescent Nigerian Male: A Case Report

Main Article Content

Airenakho Emorinken
Folasade Ojuolape Agbebaku
Oluwaseun Remi Agbadaola
Asuwemhe Johnson Ugheoke

Abstract

Osgood-Schlatter disease is a frequent but uncommon cause of knee pain in active adolescent children aged 10-15 years. The incidence is generally unknown. Affected children usually present with a history of pain below the patella at the insertion of the patellar tendon which is usually aggravated by sporting or other activity. Despite its frequent occurrence, late sequelae are rarely observed. We report a 13-year-old male adolescent who presented to the rheumatology clinic with a 1-year history of recurrent bilateral knee joint pain. There was no associated fever, swelling, or limitation of ambulation. The diagnosis was initially missed at first contact at the referring clinic. Plain radiograph of both knees revealed an irregularity of tibial tuberosity; patella tendon edema; osseous density anterior to the tuberosity which suggests Osgood-Schlatter disease. Clinicians need to have a high index of suspicion for prompt diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease especially in adolescents with chronic knee pain.

Keywords:
Adolescent, knee pain, Osgood-Schlatter disease.

Article Details

How to Cite
Emorinken, A., Agbebaku, F. O., Agbadaola, O. R., & Ugheoke, A. J. (2020). Bilateral Osgood-Schlatter Disease in an Adolescent Nigerian Male: A Case Report. Asian Journal of Case Reports in Medicine and Health, 4(1), 6-9. Retrieved from https://journalajcrmh.com/index.php/AJCRMH/article/view/30142
Section
Case Report

References

Weiler R, Ingram M, Wolman R. 10-Minute Consultation.Osgood-Schlatter disease. BMJ. 2011;343:d4534.

Pommering TL, Kluchurosky L. Overuse injuries in adolescents. Adolesc Med State Art Rev. 2007;18(1):95–120.

De Lucena GL, dos Santos GC, Guerra RO. Prevalence and associated factors of Osgood-Schlatter syndrome in a population-based sample of Brazilian adolescents. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39: 415–20.

Gholve PA, Scher DM, Khakharia S, Widmann RF, Green DW. Osgood Schlatter syndrome. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2007;19:44–50.

Indiran V, Jagannathan D. Osgood-Schlatter disease. N Engl J Med. 2018; 378(11):e15.

Nkaoui M, El Alouani EM. Osgood-Schlatter disease: risk of a disease deemed banal. Pan Afr Med J. 2017;28: 56.

Kujula U, Kvist M, Heinonen O. Osgood-Schlatter’s disease in adolescent athletes. Am J Sports Med. 1985;13:236–41.

Seyfettinoǧlu F, Köse Ö, Oǧur HU, Tuhanioǧlu Ü, Çiçek H, Acar B. Is There a Relationship between Patellofemoral Alignment and Osgood-Schlatter Disease? A Case-Control Study. J Knee Surg. 2020; 33(1):67–72.

Uwaezuoke SN, Iloanus NI, Okafor HU. Osgood-Schlatter’s disease in a Nigerian male adolescent: A case report and literature review. Curr Pediatr Res. 2014; 18(1):18–20.

Algin A. Osgood-Schlatter Disease and Differential Diagnosis from Tibial Tubercle Avulsion Fractures: A Case Report. Osmangazi J Med. 2018;40(1):75–8.

Maher PJ, Ilgen JS. Osgood- Schlatter disease. BMJ Case Rep. 2013; 2012–3.

Circi E, Atalay Y, Beyzadeoglu T. Treatment of Osgood–Schlatter disease: review of the literature. Musculoskelet Surg. 2017;101(3):195–200.

Patel DR, Villalobos A. Evaluation and management of knee pain in young athletes: Overuse injuries of the knee. Transl Pediatr. 2017;6(3):190–8.

Choi W, Jung K. Intra-articular Large Ossicle Associated to Osgood-Schlatter Disease. Cureus. 2018;10(7):e3008.

Vaishya R, Azizi AT, Agarwal AK, Vijay V. Apophysitis of the Tibial Tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter Disease): A Review. Cureus. 2016;8(9)e780.