Herpes Zoster Infection in Young Adult in the Nabdam District of Ghana: A Case Report

Main Article Content

Maxwell Tii Kumbeni
Lois Akasi Armah

Abstract

The varicella zoster virus belongs to the family of alpha herpes viridae which is responsible for both primary and recurring infections. Herpes zoster is a condition caused by the reactivation of the varicella zoster virus. The reactivation follows a suppressed immune system or aging. Herpes zoster mostly affects the aged population; however, it can also occur at any age. Herpes zoster is capable of affecting any sensory ganglia and its cutaneous nerve. The infections mostly affect the dermatomes of T3 to L2, however, about 13% of the patients manifest infections relating any of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve. Prodromal symptoms may include malaise, neuropathic pain, headache and interrupted sleep. Herpes zoster causes pruritic, confined, blisters which usually occur unilaterally in the distribution of either one or more adjacent sensory nerves that comes along with neuropathic pain in the affected dermatome. This case of Herpes zoster is reported on a 32-years-old man who was managed based on the symptoms he presented.

Keywords:
Herpes zoster infection, young adult, nerves, neuropathic pain, dermatome

Article Details

How to Cite
Kumbeni, M., & Armah, L. (2019). Herpes Zoster Infection in Young Adult in the Nabdam District of Ghana: A Case Report. Asian Journal of Case Reports in Medicine and Health, 2(2), 1-4. Retrieved from http://journalajcrmh.com/index.php/AJCRMH/article/view/30103
Section
Case Report

References

JI C. Clinical practice: herpes zoster. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:255–63.

Dworkin R, Johnson R, Breuer J. Recommendations for the management of herpes zoster. Clin Infect Disinfect. 2007; 44.

Vineet D, Mithra R, Baskaran P. Oro-facial herpes zoster: A case report with a detailed review of literature. Oral Maxillofac Pathol J. 2013;4:346–354.

Yawn B, Saddier P, Wollan P. A population-based study of the incidence and complication rates of herpes zoster before zoster vaccine introduction. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007;82:1341–1349.

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report:Prevention of Herpes Zoster. 2008; 57.

Sook B, Martin S. Ulcerative, vesicular and bullous lesions. 11th ed. BC Decker. 2008. 46–49.

Mohan S, Prakash R, Verma S, Singh U, Agarwal N. Herpes zoster. BMJ. 2013;1.

Sampathkumar P, Drage L, Martin D. Herpes zoster (shingles) and post herpetic neuralgia. Mayo Clin Proc. 2009;84:274–80.

Whitley R. Varicella-zoster virus infections. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al. eds. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 14th ed. New York: McGraw Hill. 1998;1086–1089.

Blasberg B, Greenberg M. Orofacial pain. In: Greenberg MS, Glick M, eds. Burket’s oral medicine. 10th ed. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker. 2003;330.

Mehta D, Thakkar B, Asrani M. Herpes zoster of orofacial region — A review. Nat J Int Res Med. 2013;4:112–5.

Raj S, Verma P, Mahajan P, Puri A. Herpes Zoster Infection of the Face: A Case Report with Review of Literature. 2017;9.